Global Life Expectancy up by 6 Years on Average

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Source: Kens World 20

Life expectancy has increased more than six years the world over, according to a report by The Lancet published late last month. Even in some of the world’s poorest countries this trend holds. These gains are attributed to advances in treating and preventing communicable, neonatal, maternal and nutritional disorders.

The study found that health has improved dramatically worldwide, despite the fact that a complex mixture of chronic and nonfatal maladies still cause terrific amounts of health loss everywhere.

In most countries, changes in health and life expectancy for both females and males were positive between the years 1990 and 2013. The exceptions include Syria, Botswana, and Belize where gains in health and longevity improved- but not significantly. In a few countries, such as Paraguay, South Africa, and Belarus- healthy life expectancy dropped somewhat since 1990. The worst changes have developed in Swaziland and Lesotho where life expectantly has decreased by ten years since 1990. Nicaragua and Cambodia have seen some of the most dramatic improvements with life expectancies increasing as much as 14.7 years.

The most startling cause of global health loss between 1990 and 2013 has been HIV/AIDS. Losses of life and infections of this disease have spiked by an unbelievable 341.5% between 1990 and 2013, the Lancet reported. From one country to the next, patterns of health have varied dramatically.

The study reported on by The Lancet examined socioeconomic status as a predictor of health outcomes. The researchers concluded that income and social disparities could be said to account for greater than half of the inequalities in health, well-being, and life expectancy everywhere in the world. Despite this predictable finding, however, the study also concluded that social and economic status had much less to do with health loss and death caused by diabetes, heart disease, and cardiovascular diseases.

Top 5 Countries for Life Expectancy:

1. Japan
2. Singapore
3. Andorra
4. Iceland
5. Cyprus

The 5 countries with lowest Life Expectancy

1. Lesotho
2. Swaziland
3. The Central African Republic
4. Guinea-Bissau
5. Zimbabwe


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